Jakarta (kpa.or.id) – The Ombudsman Commissioner Member of the Republic of Indonesia (RI/Republik Indonesia), Alamsyah Saragih promises that they will evaluate the agrarian reform implementation of the Jokowi - JK government. This is conveyed while receiving the visit of the Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria (KPA/Consortium for Agrarian Reform) to report the “Review on the Evaluation of Jokowi - JK’s 4 years Agrarian Reform” in the Ombudsman RI Office, Kuningan, Jakarta (4/3/2019).
According to Alamsyah Saragih, the KPA action in conveying this result of evaluation report to ORI is a right and appropriate action. So that ORI could evaluate the administrative sides and performances of that Agrarian Reform Program.
Secretary General of KPA, Dewi Kartika, rated that the government still viewed agrarian reform as limited as only to the redistribution of land certificates. “It requires a breakthrough in law and politics, the President must establish a national consensus,” she said in the Ombudsman Office, Kuningan, South Jakarta.
Dewi assessed that for the last four years implementation of agrarian reform are still stagnated.
The government targets the program of 9 million Ha agrarian reform lands with various methods. First of all, 400 thousand Ha redistributions of lands with expire Rights to Cultivate Permit (HGU/Hak Guna Usaha) and abandoned by companies, also the 4, 1 million Ha land redistribution from the release of forest area claims.
Next, the government also targets 3,9 million Ha lands for asset legalization and 600 thousand Ha for the legalization of transmigration lands that has yet to be certified for agrarian reform program.
KPA has proposed 462 conflict locations through Lokasi Prioritas Reforma Agraria (LPRA/Agrarian Reform Priority Locations) since 2017. That proposal is a correction of agrarian reform implementation that was viewed all this time as only using top-down mechanism (red: without involving the participation of the people and misguided). Fortunately, out of the 462 locations, Mangkit Village has been successfully followed up.
“Among those locations, 224 locations are in conflict with the HGU of state and private companies, 131 locations with total width of 288.431 Ha are in conflict with State Companies (BUMN) & 93 locations with total width of 123.034 Ha are in conflict with Private companies.” said Dewi.
This issue is to respond the heated HGU polemic post Second 2019 Presidential Candidate Debate.
Alamsyah explained that agrarian reform is a constitutional mandate that must be carried out and require the initiative from The President to build national consensus that involves the executive, legislative and judicative branches.
"The government needs to a quick inventory of regulations that are operational and contra-productive in its essence. The transparency of information is the basic prerequisite of agrarian reform, the permits of land usage must be allowed to be accessed by the people,” cleared Alamsyah.
Alamsyah Saragih, also expected that after this, the Ombudsman could invite relevant parties, especially from the side of the government, to perceive various problems related to its performance.
"Agrarian reform program has been carried out for a long while, needs to observe the scheme of implementation, administrative obstacles occurred. Included within it are every efforts that must be done toward the reports from the people who lives in the locations of agrarian conflicts,” he concluded.
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