Jakarta (kpa.or.id) – Entering its fifth year, the development of agrarian reform implementation especially the following-up on the data proposed by the people are regarded as still going nowhere.
This is the background of the visitation by Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) to the Office of Ministry of Agrarian Affairs & Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN) in Jakarta on Thursday (21/3/2019). In order to question the development of follow-up process on Lokasi Prioritas Reforma Agraria (LPRA/Agrarian Reform Priority Locations) that has been submitted since 2017.
Their visit was welcomed directly by Director General of Agrarian Planning (Dirjen Penataan Agraria), Muhammad Ihksan Saleh and Director of Land Reform, Arif Pasha along with various officials from the Ministry of ATR/BPN.
Opening the discussion, Dewi Kartika, Secretary General of Consortium for Agrarian Reform elaborated on LPRA development in various regions proposed by KPA, “Several LPRA locations, some of it has been visited by the government, like the LPRA in Jambi. One of that was the visit of Tebo’s Regent during the Great Harvest of Tebo Peasants Union (STT/Serikat Tani Tebo) last February,” said Dewi, although the status of that land is still in conflict.
“Locations that have been directly visited by the government must be followed-up on its conflicts resolution & redistributions,” she affirmed.
Dewi continues, “In various areas of the peasant organizations/unions, KPA members has also organized the hearings in regards of Presidential Regulation on Agrarian Reform and push the forming of Agrarian Reform Task Force (GTRA/Gugus Tugas Reforma Agraria) forward by involving the civil society within it.
At the end of her presentation, Dewi also re-inquired the following-up of KPA letters related to the proposal for the forming of GTRA in 16 provinces & 81 Regencies.
The Ministry of ATR/BPN approved several of those KPA critics, especially the stagnation of following-up from conflicts data that has been proposed by the people.
“Meanwhile there are various sources of Agrarian Reform Land Objects (TORA/Tanah Objek Reforma Agraria) that must be re-extracted. The challenges are classic, so we must overwhelm,” revealed Ihksan.
Muhammad Ihksan requested KPA Regional to coordinate with Division Heads of each sector to accelerate the following-up in the remaining 10 LPRA. Ihksan also wanted that the agrarian reform implementation must utilizes the existing regulations such as the Basic Agrarian Law of 1960 (UUPA 1960/Undang-undang Pokok Agraria tahun 1960), Governmental Regulation No.11/2010 on The Utilization & Curbing of Abandoned Land (PP No.11/2010 tentang Pendayagunaan & Penertiban Tanah Terlantar)and Presidential Regulation No. 86/2018 on Agrarian Reform (Perpres Reforma Agraria).
“The Ministry of ATR/BPN has rotated 20 staffers and officials with the above-average abilities to implement agrarian reform to empower the regions. Furthermore, the Regional Heads must also participate in supporting the works below and without arrogance,” He said.
“We will optimize GTRA in every level. There must be synergy and collaboration from the bottom level. Regarding the proposal of Regional GTRA team may be directed straight to the related government,” Ihksan ended his presentation.
In that opportunity, KPA came with the Secretary General of Majalengka Peasants Union (SPM/Serikat Petani Majalengka), Ilham Lahiyah who had brought a dozen of peasant representatives from Majalengka, West Java whom are currently in conflict with Indonesian National Air Force (TNI AU) and State Forestry Company (Perhutani).
Also attending, a Member of KPA National Council, Sofyan Ubaidi Anom; Head of KPA National Secretariat (Seknas) Organizational Strengthening Department, Syamsudin Wahid & Josua Situmorang from Seknas KPA Policy Advocacy Department.
KPA Proposed Location Going Nowhere
As stated before, since 2017, KPA has proposed 462 agrarian conflict locations with the total width of 668.109 Ha, involving 148.286 Peasant Households (Rumah Tangga Petani/RTP). Those conflict areas are spread throughout the 98 regencies and 20 provinces in Indonesia.
From the proposal above, only 11 locations that has been responded by the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs & Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (Kementerian ATR/BPN). This was revealed during the Work Meeting of ATR/BPN Ministry for the Implementation of Agrarian Reform on November 2nd 2017 in Bogor.
KPA disagreed with that response. Due to the direct analysis in the field, especially locations that could be followed-up are way more than the locations released by the Ministry.
What’s more ironic is that out of the 11 locations, only Mangkit Village lands that have been redistributed meaning that there isn’t any significant development on the following-up of the data proposed by the people.
Classic issue which has becoming an obstacle is the Ministry attitude whom insisted on the concept they referred to as clean and clear, meaning only on the locations which status or claim is no more in conflict.
That perspective is against the purpose of agrarian reform which supposed to be resolving agrarian conflicts, which are claim or status disputes in villages or Kampung between the small peasants to the groups of corporation or even the government. (AR/BW)
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