Jakarta (kpa.or.id) – Consortium for Agrarian Reform (Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria/KPA) and Directorate of Conflict Resolution, Tenure and Indigenous Forests (Direktorat Penyelesaian Konflik, Tenurial dan Hutan Adat/PKTHA) organized a meeting to discuss the data synchronization in order to accelerate conflict resolutions occurred in forest areas. This meeting was organized in the Manggala Wanabakti Building, Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan/KLHK) on Thursday, July 4th 2019.
This meeting was organized to responds KPA critics on the agrarian conflict resolutions in forests area that are still going at a snail’s pace.
Opening the meeting, The Director of PTKHA, Muhammad Said presented the locations that have been handled by KLHK until now. After further review, apparently it weren’t the locations proposed by civil society organizations, KPA among them. This is due to the absence of perspectives and data synchronization by both sides.
Therefore, in this opportunity we invited KPA to synchronize bot of our perspectives and data owned by each parties, be it KLHK, KSP and KPA,” stated Said.
He also elaborated on the identifications of KLHK done so far, there are 43.909 Ha of residential areas in Java, Lampung and Bali that are still considered as forests areas.
The forest areas stated above are divided into conservation areas of 772 Ha, Protection Forests (Hutan Lindung/HL) of 4393 Ha, Forest Concession Rights (Hak Pengusahaan Hutan/HPH) of 975 Ha and Fixed Production Forests (Hutan Produksi Tetap/HTP) of 36.948 Ha.
Previously, on July 1st - 2nd 2019, the Agrarian Conflict Resolution Team (Tim Penyelesaian Konflik Agraria/TPPKA) held the Coordination Meeting for the Acceleration of Agrarian Conflicts Resolutions in Forest and Plantation Areas. This meeting was held in Presidential Staff Office (Kantor Staf Presiden/KSP), Bina Graha Building, Jakarta.
This meeting is to follow-up on the Ministerial Meeting (Rapat Tingkat Menteri/RTM) of June 12th 2019. Attended by The Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN), Minister of Environment and Forestry (LHK) and several state officials from 12 ministries/institutions also directly led by the Presidential Chief of Staff, Army General (Ret.) Dr. H. Moeldoko.
The results of above meetings are stating that there are 51 cases of forest areas conflicts that will be the priority of resolutions that were proposed by TPPKA – KSP. From that number, 44 of Agrarian Reform Priority Locations (Lokasi Prioritas Reforma Agraria/LPRA) of KPA are included within it. Those locations are situated in 13 regencies of 8 provinces.
The prioritized locations are the Regency of Samosir in North Sumatera Province, Batanghari Regency in Jambi Province, Musi Banyuasin and Musi Rawas Regencies in South Sumatera Province, South Lampung Regency of Lampung Province, Lebak Regency of Banten Province, Indramayu, Majalengka & Karawang Regencies in West Java Province, Cilacap, Batang & Semarang Regencies in Central Java Province also North Luwu Regency in South Sulawesi Province. In average the conflicts are occurring between the residents of those areas with the protection forests, private concessions and Perhutani/Inhutani.
In this opportunity, the Head of KPA Policy Advocacy Department, Roni Septian inquires the progress development of conflict resolution in forest areas LPRA that has been proposed by KPA to KLHK on 2017. One of it is the assessment result from the Directorate General of Forestry and Environmental Planning on January 31st 2018 stating that there are 11.258,51 Ha of KPA-proposed-locations has been accommodated in the indicative mapping of the 2nd Revision of Agrarian Reform Land Objects (Tanah Objek Reforma Agraria/TORA).
“So far, KPA has not yet accepted the detail development of the locations referred above. This will affect the conflict resolutions in the field,” said Roni.
“The people and peasant unions did not discern the development of conflict resolutions in the regions, while the regional governments are not proactive in providing information causing us oblivious to the obstacles,” continued Roni.
This is certainly becoming a question, due to KPA along with KLHK has met four times to discuss the development of conflict resolutions for the locations proposed by KPA above. Even the two meetings among it were attended by the Ministrer of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya on July 26th & August 28th 2017. The other two meetings were the Work Meeting on the Implementation of Agrarian Reform in Bogor on October 13th 2017 and Tenure Conference of October 25th-27th 2017.
From those series of meetings, all the parties agreed to arrange and detailed the planning to accelerate conflict resolution in the locations that was proposed by civil society and peasant unions.
Transparency of Information Becoming the Main Focus
So far, KPA identified several problems that could be the obstacles for conflict resolutions proposed by the people. First, The difficulties of information regarding the subjects and objects of conflict resolutions in forest areas; be it on the national and regional level.
Second, the determining of agrarian reform subjects and objects are not available to the regional government and peasant unions.
Third, the lack of inventory personnel in PTKH.
Keempat, contradiction in central and regional policies are preventing the conflict resolutions in forests areas.
From findings of KPA, there are several cases caused by the issuing of allotments and permits other than those proposed through LPRA. For example is the case of South Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi. The Directorate General of Sustainable Forest Production Management (Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Lestari/PHPL-KLHK) accepted the request of PT Cakra Mega Lestari for Forest Timber Product Exploitation Permit of Industrial Plantation Forests (IUPPHK-HTI) with the total areas of 59000 Ha on the villages in South Konawe. Even though those villages are conflict areas that has been proposed through KPA’s LPRA.
Furthermore, the case occurred in Ringinrejo Village, Blitar Regency of East Java. The cultivation lands proposed to be on e of the target for forest areas release through the scheme of agrarian reform was determined as part of Social Forestry (Perhutanan Sosial/PS) without the approval of the people living within it.
The Significance of the Collaboration between the Government and Peasant Unions
In order to answer the various challenges and obstacles in the process of forest areas conflicts resolutions, KPA encouraged the government to collaborate with civil society and peasant unions.
Several points of collaborations offered by KPA are, first, encouraging the government to open the access of information in regards to the implementation of PTKH activities; second, involving the peasants in the process of forest areas release; Third, working on the mutual consultation to determine the result of inventorying PTKH; and fourth, jointly-observing the process of proposing the inventorying result of PTKH until ministerial stage.
Responding to that, Muhammad Said is committed to crosscheck the development of forest area release as the inventorying result of PTKH.
From the information that I’ve obtained, there are also those who said that the proposal is still being held in the Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs as the Chairman of National Inver. Therefore, we will first check the location of its original obstacle,” Said says.
Said requested that in the future, this meeting will be continuing on the more technical discussion on the proposed locations from civil society and peasants, also requested the help of KPA in safeguarding its process.
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