Here are Five Types Agrarian Corruption
Bisnis.com, JAKARTA: People’s Coalition for Land Anti Corruption (KRAKP) stated that there were at least five types of corruption in agrarian sector taking place in relation with private sector, government and security officers.
Iwan Nurdin, Public Coordinator of KRAKP, mentioned that exploitation of agrarian sources, today, makes corruption epicenter taking place in the government as a party giving permit to other parties. He said it could be seen from how easy the government gave away exploration permit causing land conflict.
“Although those permits caused conflict, there is no intention to revoke them,” said Iwan in his official statement, Tuesday (18/2/2014). “Bribery for the permit, brutal land-grabbing and tax fraud in the operational are ugly face of agrarian sector.”
The coalition mentioned at least there were five types of corruption in agrarian sector. First, manipulation of compensation in plantation. For example, conflict between PTPN VII Cinta Manis and local people in Regency of Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. KRAKP said that people were asked to give their land with compensation Rp150.000 per hectare, but they only got Rp25.000 per hectare.
Second, extortion and compensation in BPLS-Lapindo case in Sidoarjo, East Java. emerasan dan ganti kerugian dalam kasus BPLS-Lapindo di Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur. In this case, compensation pricing based on dry land and paddy land by BPLS triggered many illegal charges to the afflicted residents.
Third, Right to Use (HGU) failed to meet the size of the plantation. This was still related to PTPN VII Cinta Manis case. South Sumatera’s BPN said that the company’s HGU reached only 6,500 hectares, while plantation operational area reached to about 20,000 hectares.
Fourth, use of operational cooperation (KSO) land was allegedly prone to corruptive practices. The company to cooperate with, so the coalition, typically has relationship with officials in certain company or State-Owned Enterprise (BUMN).
Fifth, abuse of power. Iwan Nurdin said that many permit issuing processes didn’t meet the requirement of clean and clear due to BPN’s misuse of power. For example, land registered as in-conflict land, in fact, didn’t affect its permit issuing to particular company.
“Ropes between agrarian conflicts and corruption by agrarian bureaucrats in various sectors are supposed to push Corruption Eradication Commission together the police and prosecutors to start having commitment to implement agrarian reform,” said Iwan.
Director of National Walhi, Abetnego Tarigan, said that corruption allegation in agrarian sector have also involved security officials up to now. According to him, many security units protecting several companies’ concessions are one of the forms of that corruption allegation.
“This also indicates that corruption allegation does not only involve field security officials but also high-ranked ones,” he said.