“REAFFIRMING THE PATH TO GENUINE AGRARIAN REFORM”
Since the colonial period, Agrarian problems in Indonesia haven’t changed. Inequality in control and ownership of land causes the people to be unable to escape being unemployed and therefore also leads them to poverty. The agrarian conflict continues to occur without a just and beneficial solution for the people and casualties fell in unprecedented numbers. Criminalization and violence are still experienced by peasants, workers, fishermen, indigenous people and the poor, both men and women also the ceaseless damage to the environment. All of the above problems have becoming a prolonged agrarian crisis due to the failure of not exercising the proper and genuine agrarian reform.
We understand that the government is currently formulating national policies for the implementation of agrarian reform. In May 2016, Presidential Regulation No. 45/2016 was issued concerning the 2017 Government Work Plan (RKP) in which it places agrarian reform as a national priority. In fact, last August 24, 2016, President Joko Widodo had called for agrarian reform to be accelerated in its implementation, detailed in its implementation design, strengthened by its institutions and certainly able to resolve agrarian inequality and conflict. However, we see the substance and the process are not in accordance with people's expectations, it has been 2 (two) years since this government trip and there were no policies’ results that could be felt by the people.
Amid the unclear agrarian reform program, we see that in the agrarian field that there is still a lasting expansion, exploration and exploitation of agrarian resources by large-scale business entities and facilitated by the government. This also confirms that there is no fundamental change from the national development paradigm. Indeed, it wasn’t Agrarian reform that becomes the basis for Indonesia's national development, it was Agrarian capitalism which becoming the basis of our government in formulating policies and programs.
Meanwhile, agrarian reform based on people's initiatives has become an ideological choice for the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) since it was founded in 1994 until now. This ideological choice is, at the same time becoming an open path towards the implementation of structuring control, ownership, utilization and usage of land also the natural resources in Indonesia. This ideological path that is at the same time strategic, we take it through the efforts to raise the power of the people. We build and continue to strengthen the organizations of peasants, workers, fishermen, indigenous peoples and the underprivileged, both women and men.
We need to keep on guarding the sense of belonging to the organization, fighting spirit and the passion for the movement that is always critical, firm and bright, we keep on guarding. Vigilance in observing the development of agrarian reform policies continues to be held. We maintain an optimistic attitude so that we are always enthusiastic and skeptical in order to always be aware of all forms of irregularities. We will continuously train the cadre of the genuine agrarian reform movement.
Through the VII KPA National Assembly in Makassar on 8th-10th November, 2016 where KPA has entered its 22nd year, the actors and supporters of the agrarian reform movement in Indonesia intended to convey an appeal to the internal circles, as well as a call for external parties’ namely both central & regional government.
Internally, KPA VII National Assembly called:
1. Strengthening organizational structure and basic organizing works.
2. Encouraging direct efforts to control and cultivate land, strengthen the economic production basis of the peasants, fishermen and indigenous people.
3. Building an Advanced Village Agrarian Reform (DaMaRA) as a choice of praxis model for the struggle for agrarian reform at the initiative of the people.
4. Intensifying the education and regeneration of the cadre to strengthen the capacity of KPA member organizations and people's organizations.
5. Changing the character of the case-based agrarian reform movement into a territorial control-based agrarian reform movement that continues in strengthening the efforts to develop economic centers — people's collective production in the agrarian field.
6. Becoming a major opponent of the repressive actions of the apparatus and criminalization of agrarian fighters, especially those whom are Members of KPA.
While externally, KPA VII (7th) National Assembly calling for:
1. The affirmation that the organization will reject all policies that are anti-agrarian reform, including the policy of infrastructure development in the name of public interest which is to seize land and people's lives.
2. Refusal on all forms of monopoly, liberalization and agrarian capitalization in the fields of agriculture, plantations, forestry, mining, coastal-marine and infrastructure development.
3. The encouraging and ensuring the birth of a policy of implementing genuine agrarian reform, with a perspective on gender, ecology, collectivism and solidarity.
4. The encouragement of people-oriented economic development policies.
5. Urging the government to order the TNI and POLRI out of the field of agrarian conflict given their alignments to the authorities and investors.
6. Encouraging the consolidation of broader elements of popular movements to build alliances with key allies, be it peasants, women, laborers and student movements for the struggle for agrarian reform.
7. Demanding the release of agrarian activists and fighters who are criminalized for fighting for their rights by the government.
8. Insisting the government to cancel the monopolistic and problematic Rights to Cultivate (HGU).
Thus, this Resolution of KPA VII National Assembly was delivered as a guide for KPA Members also all actors and supporters of the agrarian reform movement, as well as for the central and regional governments. Once again, we emphasizes that in Makassar on November 10 2016 which coincidentally in conjunction with the National Heroes' Day, KPA will never take a step back in criticizing agrarian policies that are contrary to the principles and spirit of genuine agrarian reform. KPA and the network of civil society organizations in Indonesia asserted that we would critically and constructively safeguard the implementation of agrarian reform in Indonesia.
We also affirm that we will continue to develop the agrarian reform movement to become an alternative movement that can improve the lives of the people in the villages, and advancing the nation of the Republic of Indonesia. Now is the time for genuine agrarian reform to be carried out by placing peasants, workers, fishermen, indigenous people and the underprivileged as the main subject.
Makassar, November 10th, 2016
Participants of KPA VII National Assembly
Jl. Pancoran Indah I Blok E3 No.1
Komplek Liga Mas Indah, Pancoran
Jakarta Selatan 12760, Indonesia
Telp: +62 21 7984540 Fax: +62 21 7993934