The Launching of KPA 2017 End of Year Report

Benni Wijaya

Jakarta (kpa.or.id) – At the end of the year 2017, KPA launched the 2017 End of Year Report. Taking place in Resto Tjikini Lima, Cikini, Jakarta this Wednesday (27/12) morning at 10.00 Western Indonesian Time. Attending this meeting was attended by Secretary General of KPA, Mdm. Dewi Kartika, Daily Chairperson of PBNU, Prof. M. Maksum Machfoedz and the Indonesian People’s Representative Council member, Mr. Budiman Sudjatmiko.

This annual agenda were opened directly by Mdm. Dewi Kartika continued by the detailed explanation of KPA end of year report result, consisting of (1). 2017 Agrarian Conflict Report (2). 2017 Agrarian Reform Progress (3). 2017 Agrarian Policy Monitoring.    

Annually, KPA recorded the data of structural agrarian conflicts occurred in Indonesia from various sector. This data recording is a part of KPA works to support efforts of advocacy and conflict resolution. Through this 2017 End of Year Report, KPA will elaborate the recording of agrarian national situation and also display an analysis toward various agrarian policies dynamics since last year. Agrarian reform program implemented by the government possesses loads of shortcomings, other than the concept deviated from Basic Agrarian Law 1960 (UUPA 1960) but also technical obstacles in between government institutions that houses agrarian sector. Political promises on agrarian reform that has been swerved made worse by infrastructure development policies that neglected the people’s rights further perpetuated inequality in land ownership and expanded the list of agrarian conflicts.

For three years, KPA witnessed several opportunities by President Joko Widodo in regard of the significance of agrarian reform implementation, especially since agrarian reform is one of the President’s political promises. In essence, our government currently possesses an interest to implement agrarian reform although not a strong interest.  

This can be seen from the rampant occurrence of agrarian conflicts, land grabbing and forced eviction with violence done by the government who promises agrarian reform therefore causing the diminishing of the specks of hope and trust within the people. Especially the works of unraveling inequality of agrarian structure has not yet started. In the context of policies, Presidential Regulation on Agrarian Reform has not yet been signed but only partial policies which not actually targeting the fundamental issues.

Mdm. Dewi Kartika said “The government of Jokowi does not possess strong political will to implement agrarian reform. Seen from the gradual increasing numbers of agrarian conflicts, this year alone there are 659 agrarian conflicts occurred with affected lands as wide as 520.491,87 hectares and involving 652.738 households.”

From all the sectors monitored, the plantation sector is still in the first place in term of agrarian conflicts occurred. At 208 agrarian conflicts has occurred in this sector since 2017 or 32% from the sum total of all agrarian conflicts occurring that year. Real estate sector is in the second place with 199 (30%) conflicts occurred. Third place is taken by Infrastructure sector with 94 conflicts (14%), followed by agricultural sector with 78 (12%) conflicts occurred. Then, there is forestry sector with 30 conflicts occurred (5%), the coastal and marine sector with 28 (4%) conflicts occurred and last, the mining sector with 22 conflicts (3%) in the year 2017. Thus, in the past three years of the governance led by President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla (2015-2017) there have been 1.361 agrarian conflicts erupted.

“In daily average, there are almost two agrarian conflicts happened in Indonesia this year only.” Dewi further added.

In her closing statement Dewi proposed that the government must immediately straighten and accelerate the agrarian reform program, formulate & issue the Presidential Regulation on Agrarian Reform, form the Agrarian Reform Authority ad hoc Council (BORA) whom are placed directly under the President, resolve agrarian conflicts without delay, ceasing the Land Objects for Agrarian Reform (TORA) program and implement Agrarian Reform Priority Locations (LPRA) program, cease criminalization to the peasants, Land Draft Bill must populist in its vision, remove the Palm Oil Draft Bill, recognize and fulfill the basic rights of all peasants, fishermen and indigenous people.

Mr. Budiman Sudjatmiko responded the elaboration of KPA End of Year Report with few input, that the  structural agrarian conflict have, indeed, went for a very long time and the agrarian reform program that the government implemented must definitely encounter lots of  obstacles. However, there are several opportunities that could be exploited, such as if in the rural stage there existed Rural Constitution (UU Desa) that could assist in lifting local economy through business entities owned by the people or the village.

 Prof. Maksum Machfoedz added that agrarian conflict victims whom are mostly identified as the people from Nahdliyin and Marhaen background. “Most of the victims of whatever atrocities occurred in Kulon Progo and Kendeng are from the Nahdliyin and Marhaen background”.

Nahdlatul Ulama, a traditional yet one of the most influential Sunni Muslim Organization in Indonesia, before their National Conference in Lampung last November has strengthen themselves to fight for agrarian reform due to the very high numbers of inequality in land ownership. “Agrarian injustice in Indonesia has gone terribly bad; corporations monopolized million hectares of lands while the people are force evicted from their own lands.” said Prof. Maksum.

In the discussion session, the respondent and resource person were bombarded with questions. One of the question was about agrarian reform program that were unable to solve agrarian conflict and several force eviction occurred during infrastructure development like in Kulon Progo. 

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